By Frederick Copleston
Conceived initially as a major presentation of the advance of philosophy for Catholic seminary scholars, Frederick Copleston's nine-volume A heritage Of Philosophy has journeyed a ways past the modest goal of its writer to common acclaim because the top historical past of philosophy in English.
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Additional info for A History of Philosophy, Volume 9: Modern Philosophy from the French Revolution to Sartre, Camus, and Lévi-Strauss
3 We have to combine the true elements. To do so is to practise eclecticism. Eclecticism is presented by Cousin as the culmination of an historical process. " In other words, philosophy is the product of the complex factors whieh compose a civilization, even though, once arisen, it takes on a life of its own and can exercise an influence. At the close of the Middle Ages, according to Cousin, the new spirit which arose first took the form of an attack on the dominant medieval power, the Church, and so of a religious revolution.
This may sound like an excursion into metaphysics; but Jouffroy seems to be referring, in a manner reminiscent of Maine de Biran. to the ego which is aware of itself in consciousness or apperception rather than to a substantial soul. In his lectures on natural law Jouffroy devoted his attention very largely to ethical themes. In a sense good and evil are relative. For every man has his own particular vocation in life. his life-task; and good actions are those which contribute to the 1 See Jouffroy's essay on the legitimacy of the distinction ~tween psychology and physiology in NouveauJt melanges philosophiques.
He did indeed become convinced that the new society needed a new religion, to overcome both individual and national egoism and to recreate in a new form the 'organic' society of the Middle Ages. But the. new religion was for him the old religion, in regard, that is to say, to what he considered to be the essential and permanently valuable element in the old religion. We can say perhaps that Saint-Simon envisaged a 'secularized' Christianity. The 'new Christianity' was Christianity as relevant to the age of the industrial society and of positive science.
A History of Philosophy, Volume 9: Modern Philosophy from the French Revolution to Sartre, Camus, and Lévi-Strauss by Frederick Copleston