By Andrzej Eliasz, Sarah E. Hampson
The second one quantity within the Advances in character Psychology sequence, this publication offers an authoritative choice of works through major specialists within the box. It specializes in 3 of the foremost matters in character psychology: character, have an effect on and arousal; character and intelligence; and character constitution. the 1st a part of the ebook seeks to examine cognitive biases depending on anxiousness and the organic foundations of inspiration and motion. It additionally appears to be like on the effect of temperamental qualities on response to demanding occasions. within the moment half, contributions reflect on the mutual family among character and intelligence, the similarities and variations among character and intelligence, and the cognitive mechanisms of human intelligence and character. the ultimate half analyses character constitution throughout cultures and offers a version of character proper to situational descriptions. the entire authors are skilled and well known specialists within the box of character psychology. the amount contains serious studies, bringing the reader up to date with key matters, and distinct information from modern empirical learn tasks, reflecting the range and energy of present paintings on character psychology.
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Extra info for Advances in Personality Psychology: Volume II
It turned out that submissiveness is protective against myocardial infarction but not angina. Increased dominance, the opposite pole to submissiveness, considered as a component of Type A behaviour was associated with higher risk of coronary disease. Curiously enough, hostility was not related to any of the two categories of CHD. In this study a variety of demographic and SES variables were under control. The meta-analytic studies (see Booth-Kewley and Friedman, 1987; Friedman and Booth-Kewley, 1987; McGee, Williams and Elwood, 1994; Miller, Smith and Turner, 1996) suggest that certain personality traits seem to be a common risk factor for both CHD and cancer, but some of them may be illness specific.
Three independent prospective studies were conducted over a ten-year period. Subjects in all three samples were diagnosed by means of inventories into four different personality types: • Type I (equivalent to Type C)—cancer-prone, over-cooperative, unassertive, unexpressive of negative emotions, avoiding conflicts, over-patient and defensive in response to stress • Type II (equivalent to Type A)—CHD-prone, chronically irritated and angry, failing to establish stable emotional relations, showing aggression and hostility responses • Type III—hysterical, oscillating between inadequacy and anger • Type IV (equivalent to Type B)—mentally healthy.
For these reasons the role of activity may The functional significance of temperament empirically tested 23 be more complex than emotional reactivity. It may have positive as well as negative impact on mental health, which is reflected by the zero-order correlations between activity and distress (negative one) and with well-being (positive one). 89 Notes LE=life events (in parenthesis data for square-rooted scores), PD=psychological distress, PWB=psychological well-being, ER=emotional reactivity, AC=activity.
Advances in Personality Psychology: Volume II by Andrzej Eliasz, Sarah E. Hampson