Download e-book for kindle: Aristotle: Nicomachean Ethics, Books II-IV by Aristotle

By Aristotle

ISBN-10: 0198250673

ISBN-13: 9780198250678

This quantity, that is a part of the Clarendon Aristotle sequence, deals a transparent and devoted new translation of Books II to IV of Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics, observed by means of an analytical remark targeting philosophical concerns. In Books II to IV, Aristotle offers his account of advantage of personality mostly and of the valuable virtues separately, themes of important curiosity either to his moral concept and to fashionable moral theorists. hence significant issues of the statement are connections at the one hand with different suitable Aristotelian texts and at the different with glossy writings, either text-related and thematic.

Since the most goal of the quantity is to make Aristotle's suggestion as obtainable as attainable to readers who don't know Greek, substantial care is taken to clarify either his technical vocabulary and important good points of his Greek idiom. C. C. W. Taylor additionally offers systematic comparisons with different translations into English and different languages, and common references to different commentaries, historic, medieval, and glossy. those beneficial properties make the paintings beneficial to different students within the box in addition to to scholars of philosophy, either undergraduate and graduate.

In view of the frequent modern curiosity within the subject of advantage, the quantity should still entice scholars of ethics (even these hitherto unacquainted with old inspiration) and to any reader who's involved to determine how basic questions of existence and behavior have been approached in a tradition considerably assorted from our personal.

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Additional resources for Aristotle: Nicomachean Ethics, Books II-IV

Sample text

They are bold amid dangers because they have often won and beaten many opponents. They are similar, because both kinds of people are bold; but the courageous are bold for the reasons stated, whereas these people are bold because they think they are extremely strong and will come to no harm. People in drink behave the same way; they become confident, but when things do not turn out that way, they run away. But it was, we saw, the mark of the courageous person to endure things which are and appear fearful for a human being because it is fine to do so and disgraceful not to.

But the mean in relation to us is not to be taken in the same way; for it is not the case that if ten pounds is a lot to eat and two a little, the trainer will prescribe six pounds. For that too is perhaps a lot or a little for the person who is to take it; it is a little for Milo, but a lot for someone who is beginning training. Similarly with running and wrestling. So every expert avoids excess and deficiency and seeks the mean and chooses it, not the mean in the thing but the mean in relation to us.

For the person who abstains from bodily pleasures and who takes pleasure in doing just that is temperate, but the person who finds it disagreeable to do so is intemperate, and the person who endures frightening things with pleasure, or at least without distress, is courageous, while the person who feels distress at doing so is cowardly. For virtue of character has to do with pleasure and distress, since it is because of pleasure that we do bad things, and because of distress that we fail to do fine things.

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